Choosing 0w-30 oil for your car? In this article, we will tell you what you need to pay attention to when choosing a 0w-30 viscosity oil.
0w-30 oil is usually used for new modern cars or cars with low mileage.
When choosing a 0w-30 oil we recommend buying motor oil, which meets the API classification SN, SN+, SP. For Asian (Japanese and Korean) cars it is recommended to use 0w-30 oil with ILSAC GF-5, GF-6 A/B classification.
For European cars it is recommended to choose 0w-30 oil conforming to ACEA classification (A3/B3/B4). For diesel engines with DPF, it is advisable to buy ACEA C3, C4, C5 oil.
Sometimes 0w-30 oil is used for motorcycle engines, When buying motorcycle oil 0w-30 pay attention to the JASO approvals. Modern oils should have a tolerance of MA-2, such oil is recommended for sports motorcycles and motorcycle equipment, which operates at high loads.
Choosing the right engine lubricant is the most important task of every car owner.
The proper lubricant performs a number of useful functions in the operation of the car:
- protects engine parts and parts from wear and corrosion;
- cleans the working surface of debris and metal chips;
- cools the hot engine parts
- reduces friction;
- increases engine efficiency;
- contributes to fuel economy.
Thus, the use of a good quality oil fluid guarantees long engine life. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the choice of lubricant responsibly, although it is not a simple task, at first glance. When choosing a lubricant you need to consider its manufacturer, viscosity, the climate of your region, driving style, engine type, make, and year of manufacture of the car.
How does 0w-30 stand for?
Universal (all-season) lubricants have many fans around the world. This is due to the fact that pouring the substance does not have to worry about its replacement at the coming of another season. The 0w-30 oil retains its capabilities even at low or high thermometer readings.
Additionally, temperature readings can be determined by the labeling, where:
- “0” – indicates that the oil is suitable for use even at minimum temperatures during the winter season;
- “30” – is responsible for the viscosity of the grease when the engine is warmed up at maximum temperature.
In simple words, the higher the second number, the thicker the grease is, and therefore it can be used at certain temperatures. Car manufacturers often recommend using “zero weight” oils, which ensures lower fuel costs and contributes to environmental protection.
0w-30 Motor Oil Best Choice
Best 0w-30 motor oils on the market:
Castrol Edge 0W-30 Advanced Full Synthetic Motor Oil
Valvoline European Vehicle Full Synthetic SAE 0W-30 Motor Oil
Motul Synthetic Engine Oil 8100 Eco-Clean 0W30
Amsoil AZOQT-EA Signature Series SAE 0W-30 Synthetic Motor Oill
RAVENOL VSW 0W-30 Fully Synthetic Motor Oil
Types of motor oils
The composition of modern motor oils is formed on the principle of adding a certain set of additives to their base (sometimes called base oil). The base oil can be derived from:
- From artificially synthesized organic compounds – in this case, oils are called synthetic.
- A mixture of mineral and synthetic bases – semi-synthetic oils.
Fully synthetic motor oil 0w-30
Fully synthetic oil provides higher viscosity, resistance to oxidation and thermal degradation, and helps fight oil sludge. It helps improve fuel efficiency and can even increase vehicle power by reducing engine drag.
Fully synthetic oil is ideal for vehicles that require maximum performance and high levels of lubrication. If you live in a climate with very cold winters or very hot summers, or if you use your vehicle for towing or hauling cargo, synthetic oil may be the best type of oil for your vehicle. Older engines can also benefit from synthetic oil because it can help prevent the harmful sludge that some older engines are prone to.
Since the cost of synthetic motor oil is higher than regular oil, consult with your technician to see if this oil is right for your car.
Synthetic Blended Motor Oil 0w-30
Synthetic oil has many of the characteristics of fully synthetic oil but at a lower cost. This type of oil consists of a blend of synthetic and conventional base oils with the addition of some additives that provide additional resistance to oxidation and excellent low-temperature properties. Synthetic blends make it easy for drivers to switch from conventional oil to synthetic oil, so this type of oil is becoming increasingly popular among today’s drivers. It’s also a great intermediate option for drivers who want the added protection and performance of synthetic oil, but aren’t willing to pay for a full switch to synthetic oil.
Conventional 0w-30 Motor Oil
This oil is great for low-mileage, low- to medium-mileage late-model cars with a simple engine design.
High mileage engine oil 0w-30
High mileage oil is specifically designed for vehicles with over 75,000 miles. This type of oil helps reduce oil consumption, minimize oil leaks and seepage, and reduce smoke and emissions in older engines.
Main advantages of 0w-30 oil
Due to the low viscosity 0w-30, it reduces resistance in the friction zones and provides increased transmission of torque to the wheels. This feature reduces fuel consumption. That is, the type of engine oil you choose determines how much you will save.
A car engine in colder climates will benefit more from a 0w-30 engine oil than 5w-30 engine oil. It’s the viscosity factor.
Outside temperature also plays a role in determining the ideal viscosity to use.
When the temperature is low, the oil flows slowly, but when the temperature is high, the oil flows faster. You should always consider the viscosity dependence on temperature to get adequate and proper lubrication.
Depending on the manufacturer, other characteristics may vary slightly, even though the labeling is the same. Two oils with the same raw materials, but produced at different production sites, may behave differently, depending on the conditions. It’s all about the set of additives used, on which the quality of a particular product depends.
Of course, you should not rely only on the SAE viscosity grade when choosing engine oil for your car. It is important to take into account other tolerances, which are specified in the instruction manual of the vehicle, and the availability of the necessary tolerance directly from the car manufacturer.
SAE and API classification 0w-30
Car oils are classified according to two key indicators: the scope of use: gasoline/diesel engine, turbocharged engine; oil viscosity.
The standards by which lubricants are classified are considered the same for all oils. The most common is the SAE and API classifications.
The API standard introduces two groups of quality classes, prefixed with S (gasoline engines) and C (diesel).
The letter after the prefix defines a particular class, assigned to new classes in order of alphabetical order: API SP oil meets more stringent requirements than API SL.
If a particular oil grade can be used in engines for both types of properties, a double class is specified – for example, API SN / CF.
API classification divides oils into three groups according to their purpose and quality:
- S – for gasoline engines;
- C – for diesel engines;
- EC – universal energy-saving oil.
The other letters indicate the class the grease belongs to. All classes differ from each other:
- API SL – oils for engines in cars manufactured after 2000. For multi-valve, turbocharged, with work on lean mixtures, with increased requirements for energy efficiency and environmental friendliness.
- API SM – oils for engines of cars manufactured after 2004. Ability to be certified according to ILSAC energy-saving category.
- API SN – oils for engines of vehicles manufactured after 2010. Designed for oils used in the most advanced gasoline engines of passenger and sports cars and small vans. Some oils in this category may comply with ILSAC GF-5 specification and qualify as energy-saving.
- API SP – oils for engines of cars manufactured after 2020. Designed for oils used in the most advanced gasoline engines of passenger and sport utility vehicles and small vans. Some oils in this category may comply with the specification ILSAC GF-6.
ILSAC 0w-30 motor oils classification
- GF-4 – oils for engines of cars manufactured after 2004, SAE viscosity grades 0W-20, 5W-20, 0W-30, 5W-30 and 10W-30. The oils are compatible with catalytic exhaust gas recovery systems.
- GF-5 – oils for engines of vehicles manufactured after 2010 meet the quality requirements of API SN classification. Viscosity grades SAE 0W-20, 5W-20, 0W-30, 5W-30. They are characterized by improved energy efficiency, enhanced anti-wear properties, reduced sludge formation in the turbine, a noticeable reduction of carbon deposits in the engine.
- GF-6– oils for engines of cars manufactured after 2020 include the following improvements: fuel economy and preservation of fuel economy, preservation of engine life, protection from wear.
For correct selection of the necessary type of multigrade engine oil, the car owner should take into account the type of engine of his car, recommendations of the company-manufacturer on the use of technological liquids produced by a partner company.
Recommended oil brands 0w-30:
- Liqui Moly.
- Red Line.
- Lucas Oil.
- Royal Purple.
The cost of 0w-30 engine oil:
- Up to $30: synthetic-based 0w-30 oils.
- Up to $50: synthetic 0w-30 oils from popular brands.
- Up to $80: synthetic 0w-30 premium brands.